Surah Al Araf 175 – 176 (story of Bal’am)

And recite (O Muhammad SAW) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayat but he threw them away, so Shaitan (Satan) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray. TMQ 7.175

The ayah describes a man (some scholars say his name was Bal’am ) who received Allah swt’s Hikmah and he knew that it was the Truth. But still he chose to throw them away. He knew that Allah swt was the most supreme who will reward or punish as He wills, and yet this man knowingly chose to be on the wrong side. He is different from someone who denies that Allah swt exists or has sent a Messenger to warn mankind. They are aetheists who do not believe in any God. Mushriks believe in multiple gods, one the creator and another which can be themselves also. But it is strange to find a man who accepts the truth and rejects it.

And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire.

It was greed, lust, desire, which made this man throw away truth. He wanted the worldly pleasures, and he was ready to forsake the truth for it. It is not actually fear of loosing something in this world that motivates. But it is the desire to acquire something from the duniya that does this. When sticking to the truth hinders material pleasure, who gets sacrificed first? Truth. When economic interests clash with Allah swt’s revelation, same thing happens although we know the truth has come from Allah swt.

So his description is the description of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the description of the people who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect. TMQ 7.176
Such people are like dogs. Whether we leave these dogs alone or drive them away they will keep lolling their tongues out for getting something. Dogs don’t see any shame or dishonor in this humiliation. All they care about is a petty bone or a stick. Men are like that who are blind for acquiring material benefits so much so that they sacrifice Allah swt’s ayahs for those “bones and sticks”, like dogs.

Advertisements

From Oppressed Minority to World Leaders

Al-Tawbah, 9:20 Those who believe, and suffer exile and strive with might and main, in Allah’s cause, with their goods and their persons, have the highest rank in the sight of Allah: they are the people who will achieve (salvation). On their way to Makkah, Prophet Muhammad swm’s companions (ra) might have been thinking that only a few years ago they were just a handful, facing brutal oppression, ban, humiliation and torture by the chiefs of Makkah. They moved on from that state into a strong community of thousands. They crushed the Jews of Medina and Khaibar. They fought and defended their beloved city of Medina, and now they were about to take the holy city of Makkah itself as victors. Something significant must have happened to them which changed the course of history forever. Simple trending of their situation in Makkah would indicate that this group could have easily collapsed under the weight of tyranny. But they erupted like a volcano after a significant change over. They not only conquered Makkah, but within a span of 100 years they ruled over then known world, as one of the greatest super powers of all time! What happened? What was that “significant change” that elevated them from a band of outlaws to one of the world’s most powerful rulers. In Makkah Muhajireen were few in number, unarmed and stateless. Ammar radiAllahuanhu witnessed 4 horses tear away arms and legs of the first shaheed of Islam, his mother, Sumayya radiAllahuanha. They were in the Abu Ghuraib of 7th century Arabia. Was it because they said that God is One? Jews and Christians of Arabia professed faith in One God without being harmed. There is a difference between that generation and our generation, in understanding Tawheed. What would happen if the noble companions (ra) were alive today, how would they give dawah to Islam, would they be satisfied with dhikr and recitations alone? History tells us that they would not give up their dawah of Tawheed until their necks were removed from their bodies. All world religions Judaism, Christianity, Budhism or Hinduism are strictly “religions”. They deal with theology, spirituality, worship, meditation and other metaphysical stuff. They are not a complete code of life. They don’t give judiciary, military, financial, inheritance and other laws to govern man and society. There was no clash between Quraysh chiefs and other religions which did not pose any threat to power. What political risk did Sumayya (ra) give to Abu Jahil? Another martyr, Asiya, wife of Firaun believed in Allah swt as the Lord of the Universe. But Firaun claimed Lordship, who could order death or clemency to anyone he wished, being the Emperor of Egypt. Firaun ordered the death of Asiya, to be killed by a rock from high ground. Asiya (ra) stared at the heavens as they prepared to throw the rock. Jibreel (as) came and told her to ask for anything from Allah swt. Just before her martyrdom, she asked for a house next to Allah swt in the Heavens, and for freedom from Firaun and Evil people. What a beautiful house that will be, insha Allah. Sumayya and Asiyah (ra), did not stand with sword in hand or at the head of a large army. They protested against their rulers saying that there is only One Lord of the Universe, Allah swt, and to HIM alone we must surrender our will. The threat from Symayya was “La ilaha ill Allah, Muhammadan Rasul Allah”, which means Allah swt is the owner of everything as the True Sovereign of the Universe and He (swt) sent Muhammd (swm) as His Messenger for all mankind. So, Abu Jahil was told to surrender to this doctrine, which he did not accept, like Firaun before him. The message of La Ilaha was a radical message that threatened the power of Abu Jahil and rest of Quraysh clan. Muslims understood that they had submitted to Allah swt, whose Word is Highest and Supreme, and therefore no other man made system could ever be considered as an equal to Allah swt’s power and dominion. Allah swt has no partner. Hukm is only for Him swt. Holy Prophet swm taught the noble companions (ra) the true message of Tawheed, and he (swm) in turn learned from angel Jibreel (as). He swm taught his followers (ra) that once they came into Islam they had surrendered themselves to Allah swt and hence they (ra) could never give their loyalty to any other person, clan or alliance. For 13 years, believers went to their friends, families and distant rulers to give the message of Lordship of Allah swt and the Messengership of Muhmmad (swm). They remained steadfast, and with every persecution they became further determined that victory was near. God’s Words came to lead all of mankind from the depths of darkness into the glory of Light. This is possible, only when God’s Words are held supreme in the Land. In the 13th year, Muslims secretly migrated to Medina. They did not go to Medina as beneficiaries, but effectively as rulers. Never did Arabs see immigration where tribal connections were cast aside in preference for a different identity, i.e. an ideological identity. This was the birth of the world’s first Islamic State headquartered in pristine Medina. Muslim community was born as the balanced nation that would deliver God’s message of Truth and Justice to rest of humanity. World’s first ever written constitution was drafted. Allah swt and His Messenger swm were the focal points for everything in the Islamic State of Medina. Muslims saw Hijrat as the beginning of their civilization, initiating their own calendar starting from hijri date. Hijrat to Medina was that “special change” which raised an oppressed minority from persecution to take center stage in world affairs.

Quran: Surah Anam 151-153 (simplicity of al-Deen)

Allah swt made our Deen easy for us. He swt sent Holy Prophet swm with Guidance as the Perfect example for humanity to follow. We would only be fooling ourselves by thinking that our Deen is comparable with other world theologies, complicated by metaphysical assumptions of spirituality, rituals and laws administered by a clergy. Our Deen, Islam, can not remain distant from the use of ‘reason’ and ‘rationale’ of a common man. One does not have to be an expert in jurisprudence to understand this Deen. As an ordinary person, I engage in business, education and other social commitments. I need to manage relationships with parents, children, spouse, business partners, friends, colleagues and associates. To lead a life based on a value system I need a simple path and a role model. Following TMQ of Surah Al Anam shows that clear way:

“Say (O Muhammad SAW): “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand.  6:151

 “And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the Covenant of Allah, This He commands you, that you may remember. 6:152

“And verily, this (i.e. Allah’s Commandments mentioned in the above two Verses 151 and 152) is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqun ” 6.153

Prophet Muhammad (swm) selected hadith on illness and cures

 

Narrated Abu Huraira (Radi-Allahu ‘anhu):

 

Allah’s Apostle (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “If Allah wants to do good to somebody, He afflicts him with trials.”

 

Bukhari Vol. 7 : No. 548

Narrated Abu Huraira (Radi-Allahu ‘anhu):

The Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “There is no disease that Allah has created, except that He also has created its treatment.”

Bukhari Vol. 7 : No. 582

 

Narrated Rubai bint Mu’adh bin Afra (Radi-Allahu ‘anha):

 

We used to go for Military expeditions along with Allah’s Apostle (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) and provide the people with water, serve them and bring the dead and the wounded back to Medina.

 

Bukhari Vol. 7 : No. 583

 

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (Radi-Allahu ‘anhu):

 

A man came to the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) and said, “My brother has some abdominal trouble.” The Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) said to him “Let him drink honey.” The man came for the second time and the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) said to him, “Let him drink honey.” He came for the third time and the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “Let him drink honey.” He returned again and said, “I have done that.” The Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) then said, “Allah has said the truth, but your brother’s abdomen has told a lie. Let him drink honey.” So he made him drink honey and he was cured.

 

Bukhari Vol. 7 : No. 588

 

Narrated Khalid bin Sad (Radi-Allahu ‘anhu):

 

We went out and Ghalib bin Abjar was accompanying us. He fell ill on the way and when we arrived at Medina he was still sick. Ibn Abi ‘Atiq came to visit him and said to us, “Treat him with black cumin. Take five or seven seeds and crush them (mix the powder with oil) and drop the resulting mixture into both nostrils, for ‘Aisha has narrated to me that she heard

 

the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) saying, ‘This black cumin is healing for all diseases except As-Sam.’ Aisha said, ‘What is As-Sam?’ He said, ‘Death.’ “

 

Bukhari Vol. 7 : No. 591

 

Narrated ‘Aisha (Radi-Allahu ‘anha):

 

The Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “Fever is from the heat of Hell, so abate fever with water.”

 

Bukhari Vol. 7 : No. 621

 

Who is poor ? Islam’s solution…

Investors showed their frustrations at the falling index by vandalizing private vehicles and other properties. An act of rage from the ‘have nots’ for failing to “catch up” in the wealth ladder.

Bets failed when share prices plunged making small investors poorer than their starting points. They did not enter the share market to become poor. They wanted to become rich, overnight. Rich means big bank accounts, nice cars and platinum cards. Poor means not enough money, struggling with bills and constantly broke. Quite obviously, under this definition, poor youngsters want to be rich, they want respect for their wealth and they want to enjoy their life.

For rest of the society such definitions give rise to the classical “cut throat” capitalistic theory where each man is for himself. He does not care what happens to his neighbor, as long as he gets what he wants. Social harmony gets replaced by ‘get rich quick’ kind of concepts. For those who can climb up that ‘wealth ladder’ this is a beautiful system, empowering their economic freedom to realize individual dreams. But for majority of people, this system narrows down to an extremely individualistic view point for life. Its effect is felt in general anarchy, depression amongst ‘have nots’, rise in financial crimes and an overall increase in criminal activities.

Parents will struggle to transfer values, morals and ethics down to their children, when they will observe the social class differences between “rich” and “poor” in a capitalist society (aka market driven, open competition or global economy). Children will want to study to get a certificate which fetches a rewarding job. Hospitals will be privatized. Schools will be segregated. Such a society holds its ideological concept on GREED. Is that what we want?

If we really want such a greedy society, we must also be prepared to accept its ‘cause and effects’. We can’t pick up one end of a stick whilst denying to hold its other end! But if we don’t want such a society, we would need to find an alternative system to not only promote certain values in society but also to protect them.

What did our Holy Prophet Syedena Muhammad (swm) say about being poor….

One day the Prophet asked his dear companions whether they knew who was poor?

They answered that poor was one who had no dirham or dinar (money)’, He said:“In my Ummah, the poor is that man who would appear on the Day of the Judgment before Allah; he had offered prayer; he had paid Zakat ; he had observed fast; but he would have abused somebody, he would have falsely accused someone; he would have unauthorisedly taken some one else’s property; he would have murdered someone; would have hit somebody.

All his virtues would be given to his victims. If his virtues are finished before his wicked deeds are finished, then the errors and sins of the victims would be given to him and he would be thrown into the Hell.” (Muslim)

 

Dinars, Dollars and Pounds don’t make us rich or poor. It is our conduct with “people” which makes us rich or poor in Islam. A Muttaqeen will do good to people and avoid harm to people because of his awareness of Allah swt and the Day of Judgement. Islamic society is based on Taqwa, Goodness, Righteousness and Piousness. Muttaqeen will have no need to gamble or steal from others to become rich because definition of rich in Islam is completely different. He will concentrate on doing good (maroof) and avoiding evil (munkar), to become rich. An Islamic society would indeed be a very very wealthy society.