Freedom of Belief brought diverse religions to keep up their unique characteristics of faith, rituals, chants and family laws. People gave God a break from worldly life while they used their faculties of reason and intellect to discover God’s great bounties. Science and Technology were not saddled by dogmas anymore, freeing up the curious mind to explore and find new ways to make life more comfortable. Had human development remained under spiritual commandments such progress in modern civilization would have been ex-communicated.
In the Catholic world, Roman Catholic Church decided on censorship of books, written by philosophers, politicians or scientists. The Church used to publish The Index which was a list of publications banned by the clergy started in 1559 by Pope Paul IV. From Wikipedia:
The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (English: List of Prohibited Books) was a list of publications prohibited by the Catholic Church. The Index included a number of authors and intellectuals whose works are widely read today in most leading universities and are now considered as the foundations of science, e.g. Kepler‘s New Astronomy, his Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, and his World Harmony were quickly placed on the Index after their publication. Other noteworthy intellectuals and religious figures on the Index include Aldus Manutius, Jean Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Voltaire, Denis Diderot, Victor Hugo, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, André Gide, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, René Descartes, Francis Bacon, John Milton, John Locke, Galileo Galilei, Blaise Pascal, Hugo Grotius, and Saint Faustina Kowalska. Charles Darwin‘s works were notably never included, although a number of works that reconciled evolutionary theory and Catholic theology in ways unacceptable to the Church were included. Adolf Hitler‘s Mein Kampf was never put on the Index.
The Roman Church, few centuries back, coined the term “infidel” for the Believers and launched a criminal war in Al Quds unleashing savage blood thirsty murderers on a highly accomplished civilized society. After being defeated several times during the Crusades Roman Church went into another savage attack, this time on its own people. They commissioned the Inquisition. Thousands rounded up, tortured, imprisoned, killed, burned at the stake or left to rot because of church’s superstitious beliefs in witches, ghosts, exorcist, black magic and other nonsense. They spared none who stood in their way to play God on Earth.
This mad man (Roman Catholic Church) had to be stopped, somehow. Ottoman army was knocking at the gates of Vienna, while Spanish Umayyads had previously bloodied the pavement of Tours in France (100 km away from Paris) with martyrs, striking fear in their hearts (especially their writers, thinkers, philosophers and artists). They came down heavily upon the superstitious Church and their Kings for failing to protect them from Berber Muslims, for lagging behind Baghdad and Cordova in sciences and arts. Rebellion against the Church resulted in separation of Church and State, and creation of their secular, liberal, imperial (later democratic) state, that assumed a sovereign status, leaving God and spiritual matters with ‘holy men’.
American and French revolutions, Industrial revolution, colonialism, Laissez Faire of Adam Smith and Darwin’s Evolution theory, all combined to propel the secular democratic capitalistic model as a progressive, tolerant, pluralistic and scientific ruling system. It gave ‘post-modern’ definitions for ownership, production and distribution of resources. Simply owning an Economic system is not enough, it must be regulated based on some fundamentals of justice. Secularists became judges too and the citizens’ Economic system came under secular non-God jurisdiction.
Because it was largely the upper class lawyers, landlords and capitalists (and some thinkers, writers and philosophers under patronage of wealthy people) who were in charge of Legislature made sure that commoners would toil to serve the Capitalistic Economic System. Financial Freedom, whereby everyone was empowered to engage in capitalism and “make it” to the top to realize their wealthy lifestyle, was guaranteed. Concepts like ‘values’, ‘principles’, ‘morality’, ‘compassion’, ‘mercy’ etc became vague and philosophical, replaced by ‘profits’, ‘share value’, ‘greed’, ‘hostile’, ‘cut throat’, ‘competition etc.
This is the world that we live in today. We can weigh our benefits or losses but the damage to our spiritual nature will not heal without proper diagnosis and medication. Capitalist Economic Order refuses to acknowledge our need for a JUST SOCIAL and ECONOMIC WORLD Order. Why do they deny us our right? They had terrible experiences with their mullahs (priests) and our mullahs also played into their hands. We are told to become like them, to separate our Deen from the State and make ourselves Lawmakers. By so doing we too can hope to catch-up with the secularists worldly advancements, some day.
Christian Church surrendered, but what did they loose? They never had any economic policies for a state, their Kingdom was not here but up there. They gave up ruling with superstition by allowing real people with real laws to do that. What about Islam? Without a complete system of life Islamists must not claim any socio-economic policy making ambition. Mankind should not be subjected to silly fantasies about demons, witches, draculas and ghosts. Does Islam provide a complete System of Life? How? If not, we should be ready to accept any other socio-economic system for ourselves.