Quran on Human Rights

The issue of Human Rights has been addressed in Holy Quran in great detail. Every human being irrespective of the age, sex, color, race, religion, land and nationality is entitled to the basic human rights defined by Almighty Allah in Quran. Quran has equally ranked the entire humanity in reference to the human rights.

Quran Says “Every human child is equally worthy of respect, thus on account of one’s genesis there can be no discrimination; there is no difference between one man and the other: (17:70)”. These rights have been given to man by Allah Almighty and no ruler or emperor can abolish them.

The most basic human right is the right to live. Quran says “. . . do not take any human being’s life (the life) which God has declared to be sacred — otherwise than in (the pursuit of) justice: this has He enjoined upon you so that you might use your reason” (Surah 6: Al-An’am: 151). The second right of human being is the right to respect. Quran Says “Now, indeed, We have conferred dignity on the children of Adam” (Surah 17: Al-Isra’:70).

Then comes the right to justice for which Quran says “O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye serve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do” (Surah 4: An-Nisa’: 13f).

The other human rights according to Quran are: The right to freedom, Right to privacy, Right to protection from slander, backbiting and ridicule, Right to acquire knowledge, Right to Work, Right to Good life and so on.

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Shii-Sunni unity – whats stopping it…

True enough muslims all over the world are eager for muslim unity. If that is the collective will of the ummah then whats stopping it? We have to understand this point carefully.
 
Between muslims (individuals and families) we dont see enemity based on any sect or practice. A muslim father (or mother) will treat any child with love and affection as he cares for his own. He will not say, “Oh, I will be kind to sunni kids and harsh with shii kids”. There is cordial and brotherly connection between muslim families whether they are shiis or sunnis. If we only look around for these examples we will see that between people there are no serious issues. Where is the divide between shii-sunni coming from if common people dont have such divisive mentality?
 
These divisions are cleverly “innovated” by hired preachers whose only job is to satisfy their paymaster. Monarchs, dictators and oligarchs can hold on to their power so long as the people dont revolt against them. For these rulers Islamic aqeedah (creed) is important only as much as it can prolong their grip on power. They dont have any other concern for muslim ummah. 
 
There are powerful countries whose interest in the Islamic lands is due to oil, gas and trading routes. On top of that they know that a united muslim block will surely throw the zionists out of Palestine. To safeguard their economic and strategic interests they have planted ruthless unislamic tyrants in the ummah whose only job is to secure the artificial boundaries between islamic lands and to brutally silence the ummah from any opposition.
 
The shii-sunni divide is nothing but a tool for a few people who serve the interest of their paymasters. The artificial boundaries and the forced nationalistic (racist) separation of people is not an islamic thought at all. It is by the design of islam’s enemies. In these times muslim ummah desperately needs a platform for exposing the politico-religious bluff of the party of evil who have nothing to do with islam or the muslim ummah.

Palestine genocide is driving sunni-shia unity

Saudis were clamoring for western intervention in Syria “to save Syrian children”. Same rulers must have missed the CNN breaking news regarding Israeli attacks on Palestinian women and children. Bashar al Assad is a criminal. Worse still are those monarchs for whom Syrian and Palestinian children are tools for advancing their selfish agenda. Its not very diffcicult to figure out what the Saudis really want out of Syria. They want to remove the only Arab base for pro Iran shia uprising against sunni dynasties.

The shia-sunni divide works very conveniently for the wahabists. They use the fear factor on the population through their hired voices of so-called scholars. Religious verdicts against shias are in mass production in countries where there is any suspicion about anti government activity. Its used to convince people that is they dont defend against a shia control they will burn in hell forever. This way their populations are led away from the Palestinian question to the shia question. Over ruling the fact that both sunnis and shias are affected in Palestine.

On the other side, vested agents of the zionist regime come up with fancy tales of shia dogma. It is specially so when some shia extremists claim divinity for Caliph Ali. There are shia groups who dont want to loose an opportunity to add fuel to the fire by falsely accusing the first 2 caliphs of Islam. All of this is done with an evil purpose which is to keep the sunni-shia unity as far apart as possible.

The attacks on shia shrines is just an example of this deceptive strategy. No sunni in his right mind would ever attack a masjid on friday. Only the worst case of a kafir, munafiq and mushrik would do that. Assuming responsibility for such sectarian attacks by any alleged group is in itself a highly suspicious act. Why would they do that? To show that they are mass murderers with an Islamic label? Whose purpose would that serve? Definitely not the muslim ummah’s.

Israel disclosed its plans to attack Gazza. They had no reservation about the genocide. Strange, that’s how nazi Germany behaved. It was’nt the Israeli plan which shocked muslims all over the world. It was the double crossing back stabbing nature of the muslim governments which raised questions. How could the Arab region sit and watch the genocide of Palestinians as if it was a soap opera from Lebanon?

Rulers have petty agendas and we have come to accept it as it is. Common people will not act in the same way as the traitors. Sunni-shia communities are coming closer together than ever before. They understand the complicated game in very simple terms. The anti-Islamic group of pro zionists want to use the sunnis against the shias wherever they can. So long as there is disunity between these two groups middle east can be dictated. Sunni-shia unity will mean big trouble for zionists and their local agents. With this simplistic understanding common people are turning aside from divisiveness by bonding at different levels under a common cause. For Palestine that noble common cause is to gain freedom from the Zionist regime.

The pro-israeli group’s agendas are going to backfire in the face of common man’s desire for unity.

Quranic verses on Tawheed

Monotheism (Tauheed or Tawheed) i.e. belief in one Allah alone is such a strong Faith and foundation of Islam upon which the whole structure of Islam is based. All Prophets have called their people on True Faith. Worship is exclusive right of Allah owed to Him alone. Monotheism is such an important part of Faith that Prophet (P.B.U.H) during the thirteen years of His preaching in Makkah focused on Tauheed (Oneness of Allah) mainly and called people upon Tawheed by forbidding any partners to Allah. The Holy Quran is full of this concept of Monotheism and most of the verses of Holy Quran are about Monotheism.

Every Prophet taught His people the same lesson:

“Indeed, We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people and he said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. Certainly, I fear for you the torment of a Great Day!” [Al-A’raf 7: 59]

“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) all false deities” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).” [An-Nahl 16:36]

The basis of our Creation is to worship Allah:

“And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).” [Az-Zariyat 51:56]

“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him…” [Al-Isra’ 17:23]

“Say (O Muhammad P.B.U.H): “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him….” [Al-An’am 6:151]

Every Muslim in His Five Prayers confirms this Belief:

“You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)” [Al-Fatihah 1:5]

Some of the verses that mention Monotheism are:

1. “And indeed when we heard the Guidance (this Qur’an), we believed therein (Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in the punishment for his sins” [Al-Jinn 72:13]

2. “Say (O Muhammad P.B.U.H): “Who provides for you from the sky and the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?” They will say: “Allah.” Say: “Will you not then be afraid of Allah’s punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allah)?” [Yunus 10:31]

3. “Has he made the Alihah (gods) (all) into One Ilah (God – Allah). Verily, this is a curious thing!” [Surah Sad 38:5]

4. “That is Allah, your Lord!. There is no god but He, the Creator of all things. Then worship Him, and He has power to dispose of all affairs” [Al-An’am 6:102]

5. “And verily, if you ask them: “Who created the heavens and the earth?” Surely they will say: “Allah (has created them).” Say: “Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allah – if Allah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm? Or if He (Allah) intended some mercy for me, could they withhold His Mercy?” Say: “Sufficient for me is Allah; in Him those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust.” [Az-Zumar 39:38]

6. “Were they created by nothing? Or were they themselves the creators?

Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm Belief.” [At-tur 52:35,36]

7. “And they say: “There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live and nothing destroys us except Ad-Dahr (time). And they have no knowledge of it: they only conjecture.” [Al-Jathiya 45:24]

8. “This is the creation of Allah. So show Me that which those (whom you worship) besides Him have created. Nay, the Zalimun (polytheists, wrongdoers and those who do not believe in the Oneness of Allah) are in plain error.” [Luqman 31:11]

9. “Say (O Muhammad P.B.U.H): “Think you about all that you invoke besides Allah? Show me. What have they created of the earth? Or have they a share in (the creation of) the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed before this), or some trace of knowledge (in support of your claims), if you are truthful!”” [Al-Ahqaf 46:4]

10. “[Musa (Moses)] said: “Verily, you know that these signs have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth (as clear evidence i.e. proofs of Allah’s Oneness and His Omnipotence.). And I think you are, indeed, O Fir‘aun (Pharaoh) doomed to destruction!”” [Al-Isra 17:102]

 

11. “And they rejected those signs in iniquity and arrogance, though their souls were convinced there of…” [An-Naml 27:14]

12. “O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqun(the pious).

13. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped)” [Al-Baqarah 2:21,22]

14. “And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said to his father and his people: “Verily, I am innocent of what you worship, Except Him (i.e. Allah Alone) Who did create me; and verily He will guide me.” [Az-Zukhruf 43:26-7]

15. “There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.” [Al-Baqarah 2:256]

16. “…..Then anyone who violates his oath does so to the harm of his own soul. And anyone who fulfils what has been covenanted to Allah; Allah will soon grant his a great reward” [Al-Fath 48:10]

17. “And I have followed the religion of my fathers, – Ibrahim (Abraham), Ishaq (Isaac) and Ya‘qub (Jacob) [A.S], and never could we attribute any partners whatsoever to Allah. This is from the Grace of Allah to us and to mankind, but most men thank not (i.e. they neither believe in Allah, nor worship Him).” [Yusuf 12:38]

18. “And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in Faith: to them shall We join their offspring, and We shall not decrease the reward of their deeds in anything. Every person is a pledge for that which he has earned.” [At-Tur 52:21]

19. “And indeed We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people, and he said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah(God) but Him. Will you not then be afraid (of Him i.e. of His punishment)?” ” [Al-Mu’minun 23:23-4]

 

20. “And recite to them the story of Ibrahim (Abraham). When he said to his father and his people: “What do you worship?” They said: “We worship idols, and to them we are ever devoted.” He said: “Do they hear you, when you call on (them)? “Or do they benefit you or do they harm (you)?” They said: “(Nay) but we found our fathers doing so.”” [As-Shu’ara 26:69-74]

21. “Those who took partners (in worship) with Allah will say: “If Allah had willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with Him, nor would our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against His Will).” Likewise belied those who were before them, (they argued falsely with Allah’s Messengers), till they tasted Our Wrath. Say: “Have you any knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily, you follow nothing but guess and you do nothing but lie.” [Al-An’am 6:148]

22. “And they said: “If it had been the Will of the Most Gracious (Allah), we should not have worshipped them (false deities).” They have no knowledge whatsoever of that. They do nothing but lie!” [Az-Zukhruf 43:20]

23. “And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad P.B.U.H) but We revealed to him (saying): Lâ ilâha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” [Al-Anbiya 21:25]

“24. And ask (O Muhammad P.B.U.H) those of Our Messengers whom We sent before you: “Did We ever appoint Gods to be worshipped besides the Most Gracious (Allah)?”” [Az-Zukhruf 43:45]

25. “Surely the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And those who take Protectors (helpers, lords, gods) besides Him (say): “We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.” Verily Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever.” [Az-Zumar 39:3]

26. “And they worship besides Allah things that harm them not, nor profit them, and they say: “These are our intercessors with Allah.” Say: “Do you inform Allah of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth?” Glorified and Exalted is He above all that which they associate as partners (with Him)!” [Yunus 10:18]

27. “…..Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission?…..” [Al-Baqarah 2:255]

28. “And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and is pleased with” [An-Najm 53:26]

29. “Verily! I am Allah! Lâ ilâha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) for My Remembrance” [Surah Ta-Ha 20:14]

30. “And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allah, any other God, of whom he has no proof; then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! The Disbelievers will not be successful.” [Al-Mu’minun 23:117]

31. “…..False worship (shirk) is indeed the highest wrongdoing” [Luqman 31:13]

32. “Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives anything else to whom He wills; and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin” [An-Nisa 4:48]

33. “….whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.” [Al-Hajj 22:31]

God’s successors on earth

If tawhid (Oneness of God) constitutes the ideological foundation of Islam, the concept of man’s Khilafah (vicegerency/caliphate) provides the operational framework for the Islamic scheme of life.

The story of Adam and Eve is found in almost all religious and major cultural traditions. But in these narrations, fact and fancy are found intermingled. The way the Qur’an narrates this event is crucial to the understanding of the Islamic world-view.

God declared His intention to send a vicegerent (khalifah) to the earth. He created Adam and Eve from the same substance. They were destined to play this role of vicegerency and were endowed with the ‘knowledge of the things’ to do the job well. Then they were put to a test and were asked not to approach a certain tree. They fell victim to the evil persuasions of Satan and committed sin. But immediately after sinning they repented their mistakes, sought God’s forgiveness and were forgiven. It was after they were forgiven and redeemed that they were sent down to the earth to play their role as vicegerents of God. They were promised Divine Guidance and were assured that those who followed that guidance would be successful. Adam was the first man to receive this guidance and convey it to his progeny.

Adam and his childrenare not obligated to feel “guilty” or “shame” for anything. Rather, they realize that only the children of Adam have the highest rank and honor in the entire universe as the “trstees/moral agents/vicegerents/khalifas” on earth.

 

Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: “I will create a vicegerent (khalifah) on earth.” They said: “Wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood?- whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?” He said: “I know what ye know not.” TMQ 2:30.

 

The children of Adam, according to the Quran, inherited the lofty and divine duty as the khalifah (trustee, moral agent, vicegerent) to fight the evil forces in order to restore the divine system on earth. This was the holy mission from the very begining of man’s journey for which we will be questioned at the end of our journey.

What would be the “job description” of such a person who was a “vicegerent” (khalifah) of God on earth?