The issue of Human Rights has been addressed in Holy Quran in great detail. Every human being irrespective of the age, sex, color, race, religion, land and nationality is entitled to the basic human rights defined by Almighty Allah in Quran. Quran has equally ranked the entire humanity in reference to the human rights.
Quran Says “Every human child is equally worthy of respect, thus on account of one’s genesis there can be no discrimination; there is no difference between one man and the other: (17:70)”. These rights have been given to man by Allah Almighty and no ruler or emperor can abolish them.
The most basic human right is the right to live. Quran says “. . . do not take any human being’s life (the life) which God has declared to be sacred — otherwise than in (the pursuit of) justice: this has He enjoined upon you so that you might use your reason” (Surah 6: Al-An’am: 151). The second right of human being is the right to respect. Quran Says “Now, indeed, We have conferred dignity on the children of Adam” (Surah 17: Al-Isra’:70).
Then comes the right to justice for which Quran says “O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye serve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do” (Surah 4: An-Nisa’: 13f).
The other human rights according to Quran are: The right to freedom, Right to privacy, Right to protection from slander, backbiting and ridicule, Right to acquire knowledge, Right to Work, Right to Good life and so on.