Birth Imam Husain b. Ali (a.s.) was born in Madinah on 3rdShabaan 4 A.H. which was a Tuesday. As soon as Imam (a.s.) was born, he was taken to his
History of sacrifice is deep enough since the creation of human being. Arm Forces sacrifices their life’s for the safety of country borders, relatives or friends sacrifices their body parts for the lives of their loved ones such as kidneys or lungs, Prophet Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S) was ready and acted on the will of Allah Almighty to sacrifice his son Prophet Hazrat Ishmael (A.S), followers sacrifices their life’s for the defined objective and will of their leaders etc etc. But no sacrifice in this universe is of equivalent value of the sacrifice of Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S) and his family in Karbala, Iraq in 61 A.D. Great sacrifice by Hussain (A.S) defined true meaning of sacrifice for whole humanity in the desert of Karbala, defined how to live a life and how to fight for rights and against oppressor/dictator. Who was Hazrat Imam Hussain (A.S) ??? Beloved grandson of Holy…
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During the First World War Turkey was allied with Germany and Austria against the British. Muslims regarded the Sultan of Turkey as their spiritual leader, Khalifa, so naturally they sympathized with Turkey.
After the war, the British removed the Khalifa from power and fragmented Turkey. Hence, Muslims started the Khilafat Movement in India for the restoration of the Khalifa’s position. The three central demands of the movement were as follows:
1. The Caliph must retain control over the Muslim sacred places.
2. The Caliph must be left with sufficient territory to enable him to defend the Islamic faith.
3. Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Palestine (the area of the Jaziratul-Arab) must remain under Muslim Sovereignty.
The Khilafat issue was not directiy linked with politics in India but the Khilafat leaders (Ali Brothers, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan & Hasrat Mohani) were eager in enlisting the support of Hindus.
Gandhi saw in this, an opportunity to bring about Hindu-Muslim unity against the British. The publication of the terms of the Treaty with Turkey, which were very harsh, and also the publication of the Hunter Committee Report on ‘Punjab Disturbances’ in May 1920 infuriated the Indians.
Thus at one level Indian political situation also merged with the issue of Khilafat. Initially the Khilafat leaders limited their actions to meetings, petitions, and deputations in favour of the Khilafat.
Later a militant trend emerged, demanding an active agitation such as stopping all cooperation with the British.
The Central Khilafat Committee met at Allahabad. The meeting was attended by a number of Congress and Khilafat leaders.
In this meeting a programme of non-cooperation towards the government was declared. This was to include
1. Boycott of titles conferred by the Government,
2. Boycott of civil services, army and police, i.e., all Government jobs,
3. Non-payment of taxes to the Government.
4. August 1, 1920 was fixed as the date to start the movement.