Hijaz Railway – a remaining symbol of the lost Islamic Ottoman Caliphate and its multinational outlook in the Muslim heartland. Why did the Hejazi Muslims help the Christian British defeat the Islamic Khilafah?
al-Wahab (see last entry) meets Hempher the English spy
I found an interesting account of al-Wahab http://www.sufi.it/Islam/wahlast.htm adapted, from the work of Ayyub Sabri Pasha’s Turkish work Mir’at al-Haramain, 5 volumes, Matba’a-i Bahriyye, Istanbul, 1301-1306 A.H., which suggests al-Wahab met an English spy called Hempher in Basra, Iraq in 1713. Hempher subsequently harnessed al- Wahab’s fervour for religious change and used it as a tool to divide the Muslim world. ”Utter nonsense”, according to Daniel Pipes, 1996, perhaps, or even a load of Turkish propaganda, who knows? What we do know is, that Britain had a very definite interest in the region and did its utmost to undermine the power of Mohammed Ali Pasha and his family, see /2014/01/25/colonisation-and-its-impact-on-arab-nationalism-in-the-19th-century-some-comparisons-with-the-situation-today/.
With or without the assistance of Hempher, al-Wahab succeeded in rejuvenating the ideas of ibn Taymiyyah, though he used different tactics to promote his beliefs. He also engaged the support of…
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