Ashari and Maturidi School of Islamic Belief

Reflections of a Traveler

The Ash’ari and the Maturidi Schools

By Nuh Keller

The tenets of faith of Ahl Al Sunna orthodoxy are given here in the same order as they appear in traditional Ash’ari references such as the Matn al-Sanusiyya and others.  For more than a thousand years, such works have been learned at an early age by virtually all Maliki and Shafi’I scholars, by many Hanafis, particularly in the Near East, and by some Hanbalis – all of whom were taught that attainment of this knowledge was personally obligatory upon every Muslim, and who knew it simply as Islam, not Ash’arism.

The Maturidis mostly followed the Hanafi school of law and predominated in the lands beyond the Oxus in central Asia.  Their tenets have not been given a separate treatment because according to Imam Taj al-Din al-Subki, they do not differ from the Ash’aris except on six questions, which excluding…

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