Is Mesut Ozil Shia or Sunni Muslim?

Muslim world and its leading Ulama should take responsibility for committing a grave crime against God and Humanity. Sectarianism, lets break this down to its pieces. We had lunch yesterday on 6th Avenue with my friends from Yemen. We sat at the newly opened Persian restaurant owned by Mr Hosseini. Besides good food, we Muslims specially like that it serves Halal meat.

We just came out of the small faith room situated right next to the eatery. Its called Ondine, a strange name for a college dormitory, the favorite for foreign students for its room rates. In the faith room, I could recall during lunch, we hardly noticed the different styles of performing the Muslim prayer. Some had their hands to the side, some above the belly, some on the chest and some just below the chest.

Here comes Mr Hosseini with the dish of the town, Persian pulao rice cooked with saffron and pistachio, fragrant, mild, dreamy shades of smoke rising from the neatly placed Basmati. Interestingly, he is the only person in the entire joint. He does everything with such admirable efficiency, cooking, cleaning, serving, washing, and cleaning again.

Going back to the prayer hall. Did it really matter how each of us folded our hands that much when the most important acts of prayer, for all of us, as in bowing and prostrating, was exactly the same. At the restaurant, we have something common between all of us, Mr Hosseini included, we eat Halal food. What does it matter what name we give to the dish, its still halal and that is what really counts, the essential, not the externalities.

Muslim Ulama need to point out the fact that any kind of division, schism, sectarianism, racism, supremacism (and other such things) are not only disliked but they are indeed HARAM. Here is my evidence.

“….Uphold the Faith and Do NOT DIVIDE into factions within it” (Q.42.13)

Dear Reader, sweet reader, please open your heart and see from the inner sight that God has blessed you with. Above Holy Verse from surah no 42 of the Majestic Quran al Kareem is a simple and direct command, not at all complicated. Is it not binding upon the Believers to Not violate the basic commands of God?

Suppose you just got hired at your dream company for which you had prepared yourself for years, going to college, grad school, internship, research, publications, hard hitting interviews, tests, medical exams, criminal check, and then finally you get the job. You are about to sign the contract, the owner looks at you and tells you very clearly, “Do Not make divisions and groups in the company” before you cheerfully signed and handed back the contract. Welcome aboard, partner!

The next moment you start plotting how to create a division in the company so that your group’s interest can be best forwarded to the senior management. You form a group, in violation of the contract you just signed, and quite obviously betraying the man who hired you in the first place, the owner of the company. What should the company management do with you? Should you be corrected or rewarded?

Treacherous actions get rewards only as much as their stab in the back can get them which should not amount to much respect from the self or outside. Enduring admiration has often found a humble, kind, honest, hard working individual who remains thankful for the little and big rewards of life. Indeed, life itself is the single greatest reward for any human being.

I cant imagine why it might be any different in God’s universe. He created everything, you and me, black man, white man, China man, Danish, Nigerian, German what have you. We are all from Him and we all go back to Him. It does make sense that He would want us to bond together under His Guidance, Protection, Mercy and Forgiveness, and that we all should hold on to each other and NOT BE DIVIDED into this faction and that faction, this sect and that sect.

Ask the Syrian girl, 9 years old why her father was killed, why she couldn’t eat for days. Is it because she was Shia or Sunni or Zaidi or Ismaili or Jew or Christian? For her, what  does it matter, it doesn’t. Millions of little boys and girls like her loose either a father, or a mother, or a brother or a sister due to our actions. We bring down upon ourselves rain of fire, death and tears, lots and lots of innocent tears as we continue to act arrogantly against the Divine command of God. Our vision shortened by our racist shades and our hearts covered with iron masks of sectarianism and our ears dumbed by the music of deathly winds.

Mesut Ozil might be Sunni just as much as he might be shia. It doesn’t matter. What matters are two things. He was devastated by the racist treatment in his national team. It should have not boiled down to this in a country which leads the EU in promoting integration, and has taken in millions of refugees from the Muslim world. But Mesut’s hurt is of greater importance because it has a special kind of bonding with the hearts of millions of people (at least 31 million fb  followers) who looked up to him as the success story of a Muslim boy in Germany from Turkish background.

The second most important matter is that he has fans from all religions. His fame pushed him also to be a role model for the youth. He was a symbol of hope and motivation for millions of young men who may feel the need to be identified with someone as great as Mesut was when he was in the National team. Also, for these millions of youth, it doesn’t matter if Mesut tilted towards shia or sunni beliefs. Not only does it not matter but it is totally irrelevant.














Cure for Mental Illness, Depression, and Sadness

In this post, I would like to invite you to read about something that will help you get over the depressive moods, the loneliness and the sadness inside you.

Many of us faced such situations in our lives when things just don’t happen as we wished they did. We loose loved ones, we loose jobs, we loose in business, we fail as artists, our writings look horrible, and the list can go on. Failure is the name of the face in the mirror. Depression hits us. We start to loose self esteem and confidence in ourselves. Its the kind of stage where one might question the very reason for his existence. It can get that serious, unless something is done to turn the situation around.

Remember the dementors. You cant beat them with your magic. The only thing that works against a dementor is your positive thought. Don’t have one? No problem, think about one, that will be good enough. Ok, make one up, that will also work.

The remedy for depression is one of Islam’s greatest gifts to mankind. And it was the Chosen One, al-Mustafa, Prophet of God, Peace be Upon Him, who taught us how to overcome mental depression, without any side-effects from drugs what-so-ever. But first, a little bit about my Master….

I believe, He is the Chosen One, the Leader of all mankind, the last of Prophet of God, Nabi-Allah, the Messenger of Allah, Prophet Muhammad Peace be Upon Him.

You say, “we don’t believe in him. We think he borrowed his teachings from Judeo-Christian sources, our sources. He learned from a man named Waraqa, his wife’s Christian cousin and possibly a monk”.

Do you prefer rationalistic thinking over blind memorization of Opinions? If you do prefer to think, then allow me to introduce you to something that you might find useful.

 The idea of Prophethood and Revelation of Divine Scripture should not come as a surprise to any believer. You, the followers of Moses, believe in the noble Prophetic careers of Noah, Abraham, Isac, JAcob (Israel) and the 12 tribes. You, my Christian cousin, believe in Yahya (John), Zachariah, Joseph, Joshua, and of-course in Isa (Jesus). It is the exact same logical thinking that brings me to my belief in the Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (Peace be Upon Him and  peace be on all the Prophets – Alihi salatu wa salam, and on their families and companions). How would it be, if you accept the prophets mentioned in your Book whereas you deny the same rights to the last Prophet?  On what ground can you do that, or is that something you found in any of your scriptures? I doubt that.

Rather, I think your scripture tells you to follow and join the Saviour, the honorable one, upon his arrival, which has been prophesized in your Book as well as other Books dating back 7000 years..

You say only your Book is authentic, its Holy and its the real religion, while all other religious ideas are fake pretenders. On what logical ground do you suggest that the Old Testament is the word of God but not the Holy Quran?  Have you ever read the Quran? If not, then how can you tell whether the Book is from God or Man?

Only one who is arrogant, prejudiced and blind to reason would propose to accept his idea (about Revelations and Prophets) to be universally correct at the exclusion of all other thoughts and ideas. Use your senses. Evaluate the Message of Judaism, Christianity and Islam with an objective mind, just as you do for everything else anyway.

Our thoughts have a powerful ability to determine our feelings and emotional states and ultimately affect how we behave, for better or worse. Islam teaches us to direct the act reflection (tafakkur), or deep thought, towards the signs of Allah, the names and attributes of Allah, to his blessings and wonders, to hope in the Hereafter, and to optimism. By controlling our thought processes in a positive manner, we can increase the effectiveness of our prayers and worship as well as relieve ourselves from the anger, depression, and anxieties that worldly thoughts induce.

Contrary to popular belief, we have control over which thoughts we choose to follow. We may not have a choice over which particular thought occurs initially in our minds at a given time, but we do have a choice to either ignore it or pursue it.

Our voluntary thoughts are nothing more than inward statements. Hence, the rule is that we should only engage good thoughts or keep our minds silent.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

وَمَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلْيَقُلْ خَيْرًا أَوْ لِيَسْكُتْ

Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him speak goodness or remain silent.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6110, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

Sometimes Satan will throw evil suggestions into our minds. These suggestions have no power over us unless we choose to act on them. If we follow an evil or negative train of thought, then it will lead us to a terrible end.

Thus, when we find ourselves caught up in a bad line of thinking, we need to immediately replace these negative thoughts with positive inward statements to cancel their effects.

Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

وَأَتْبِعْ السَّيِّئَةَ الْحَسَنَةَ تَمْحُهَا

Follow a bad deed with a good deed and it will erase it.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1987, Grade: Sahih

Positive thoughts are those that produce good feelings, good deeds, peace of mind, gratitude, tranquility, contentment, and other positive emotional states. These are truthful thoughts about Allah, hope in the Hereafter, the prophets, our blessings, good deeds, and so on. They produce wisdom and enlightenment in the heart.

Negative thoughts are those that produce bad feelings, anger, envy, jealousy, hatred, anxiety, depression, and other negative emotional states. These are thoughts about the world, our wealth, our status, people we do not like or who have wronged us, and so on. The cause of these thoughts is an attachment to the delusions of worldly and materialistic life that cloud the heart and prevent its purification.

Abu Sulaiman, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

الْفِكْرُ فِي الدُّنْيَا حِجَابٌ عَنِ الآخِرَةِ وَعُقُوبَةٌ لأَهْلِ الْوَلايَةِ وَالْفِكْرَةُ فِي الآخِرَةِ تُورِثُ الْحِكْمَةَ وَتُحْيِي الْقَلْبَ وَمَنْ نَظَرَ إِلَى الدُّنْيَا مُوَلِّيَةً صَحَّ عِنْدَهُ غُرُورُهَا

Thought upon the world is a veil over the Hereafter and a punishment for the people. Thought upon the Hereafter produces wisdom and life in the heart. Whoever looks to the world as his protector will come to accept its delusions.

Source: Hilyat al-Awliyā 14447

Not all thoughts about the world are evil. Thinking about something Allah blessed us with in the world is good. And we have a duty to take care of our worldly affairs, meet our work obligations, pay our bills, fulfill our trusts, and so on. We should think about these things in so far as they are necessary and beneficial.

For example, we may need to think about how we are going to complete a work project. But perhaps at work someone said a mean word to us or did something to annoy us. If we constantly dwell upon that negative interaction, it will only cause harm to us and produce no benefit. It is an unnecessary worldly thought and should be dismissed.

In fact, a step on the road to excellence in Islam is learning to think about only those things that should concern us.

Ali ibn Hussein reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ مِنْ حُسْنِ إِسْلَامِ الْمَرْءِ تَرْكَهُ مَا لَا يَعْنِيهِ

Verily, part of perfection in Islam is for a person to leave what does not concern him.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2318, Grade: Sahih li ghayri

Ibn Al-Qayyim writes:

فأنفع الدَّوَاء أَن تشغل نَفسك بالفكر فِيمَا يَعْنِيك دون مَالا يَعْنِيك فالفكر فِيمَا لَا يَعْنِي بَاب كل شَرّ وَمن فكّر فِيمَا لَا يعنيه فَاتَهُ مَا يعنيه

The most beneficial remedy is that you preoccupy yourself with thoughts of what should concern you and not those that should not concern you. Thinking about what does not matter to you is the door of every evil. Whoever reflects upon what does not concern him, then he will miss what does concern him.

Source: al-Fawā’id 1/175

This means busying ourselves with worldly thoughts only to the extent necessary, and also learning not to worry about matters beyond our circle of influence or control. If we constantly worry or get upset by things we cannot change, that will take our attention away from what we can change.

After understanding the effects of positive and negative thoughts, we then need to direct our thought processes towards positive trains of thought and learn to dismiss negative thoughts before they take us into a downward spiral. Many of the Prophet’s companions considered the skill to direct thought in a positive way as the enlightenment of true faith.

Amir ibn Abdi Qais, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

سَمِعْتُ غَيْرَ وَاحِدٍ وَلَا اثْنَيْنِ وَلَا ثَلَاثَةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ ضِيَاءَ الْإِيمَانِ أَوْ نُورَ الْإِيمَانِ التَّفَكُّرُ

I heard from more than one or two or three of the companions of Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, that they said the radiance or light of faith is in reflection.

Source: al-Durr al-Manthūr 3:190

Thinking about the blessings of Allah is itself an act of worship that leads to gratitude, contentment, and happiness. It takes no significant effort from us and yet it produces great results in our lives.

Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

الْكَلَامُ بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ حَسَنٌ وَالْفِكْرَةُ فِي نِعَمِ اللَّهِ أَفْضَلُ الْعِبَادَةِ

Speaking in remembrance of Allah the Exalted is good, yet thought upon the blessings of Allah is the best act of worship.

Source: Tafsīr Ibn Kathīr 3:190

All of this points to the fact that the believers should be optimistic and not pessimistic or cynical. There are no omens in Islam (or signs that predict the future), but the believers are always expecting the best from Allah even if they do not know exactly how it will be.

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا طِيَرَةَ وَخَيْرُهَا الْفَأْلُ

There are no omens, but the best of it is optimism.

They said, “O Messenger of Allah, what is optimism?” The Prophet said:

الْكَلِمَةُ الصَّالِحَةُ يَسْمَعُهَا

A righteous word one of you hears.

In another narration, the Prophet said:

وَيُعْجِبُنِي الْفَأْلُ الْكَلِمَةُ الْحَسَنَةُ الْكَلِمَةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ

I am amazed by optimism, the good word, the kind word.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5422, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi 

Ibn Abbas reported:

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتَفَاءَلُ وَلَا يَتَطَيَّرُ وَيُعْجِبُهُ الِاسْمُ الْحَسَنُ

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, was optimistic and he did not see evil omens, and he liked good names.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 2762, Grade: Sahih

Positive thinking and optimism are most important as they relate to our prayers, supplications, and acts of worship. A prayer or supplication that is offered with certainty that Allah will answer is far more effective and beneficial than a weak prayer. For this reason, the Prophet told us to pray to Allah in the certain knowledge that he will answer.

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا دَعَا أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَعْزِمْ فِي الدُّعَاءِ وَلاَ يَقُلِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَعْطِنِي فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ مُسْتَكْرِهَ لَه

When one of you supplicates, let him be determined in the supplication and he should not say: O Allah, give me if you will. There is no one to coerce Allah.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5979, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

In another narration, the Prophet said:

ادْعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَنْتُمْ مُوقِنُونَ بِالْإِجَابَةِ

Call upon Allah with certainty that he will answer you.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3479, Grade: Hasan

This means we should pray while believing that Allah has already answered us in the best manner.

Ibn Hajar comments on this tradition, saying:

وَمَعْنَى الْأَمْرِ بِالْعَزْمِ الْجِدُّ فِيهِ وَأَنْ يَجْزِمَ بِوُقُوعِ مَطْلُوبِهِ

The meaning of determination is to be persistent in the supplication and to affirm that what is asked will occur.

Source: Fatḥ al-Bārī 5979

And An-Nawawi writes:

هُوَ حُسْنُ الظَّنِّ بِاَللَّهِ تَعَالَى فِي الْإِجَابَةِ

It is to have good expectations (ḥusn al-ẓann) that Allah the Exalted will answer you.

Source: Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2678

Once we make a supplication, we should affirm it in our hearts and minds that Allah has without a doubt already heard and answered us. Let the prayer sink into the bottom of your heart and penetrate your subconscious mind.

Sometimes the answer does not come the way we would expect. But as long as we pray for good and expect good, the answer has already been fulfilled even if we do not know how.

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يَدْعُو بِدَعْوَةٍ لَيْسَ فِيهَا إِثْمٌ وَلَا قَطِيعَةُ رَحِمٍ إِلَّا أَعْطَاهُ اللَّهُ بِهَا إِحْدَى ثَلَاثٍ إِمَّا أَنْ تُعَجَّلَ لَهُ دَعْوَتُهُ وَإِمَّا أَنْ يَدَّخِرَهَا لَهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ وَإِمَّا أَنْ يَصْرِفَ عَنْهُ مِنْ السُّوءِ مِثْلَهَا قَالُوا إِذًا نُكْثِرُ قَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْثَرُ

There is no Muslim who supplicates to Allah without sin or cutting family ties in it but that Allah will give him one of three answers: he will hasten fulfillment of his supplication, he will store it for him in the Hereafter, or he will divert an evil from him similar to it.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 10749, Grade: Sahih

As long as we continue praying and supplicating, the answer is sure to come even if it is stored for the next life. In contrast, we are in danger of having our prayers unanswered if we get frustrated or stop praying altogether.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يُسْتَجَابُ لِأَحَدِكُمْ مَا لَمْ يَعْجَلْ يَقُولُ دَعَوْتُ فَلَمْ يُسْتَجَبْ لِي

Every one of you will have his supplications answered as long as he is not impatient and he says: I have supplicated but I was not answered.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5981, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi 

Many of us do not have our prayers answered because we do not pray in a good manner, we pray for sinful things, we do not expect good from Allah, or we simply give up. In this respect, the Prophet is the best role model for us to learn how to pray and what to pray for. The real secret of prayer, though, is that we will get good from Allah to the measure that we expect good from him.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace be and blessings on him, said:

يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَنَا عِنْدَ ظَنِّ عَبْدِي بِي وَأَنَا مَعَهُ إِذَا ذَكَرَنِي

Allah the Exalted says: I am as my servant expects me and I am with him as he remembers me.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6970, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi

In another narration, the Prophet said:

إِنْ ظَنَّ بِي خَيْرًا فَلَهُ وَإِنْ ظَنَّ شَرًّا فَلَهُ

Allah says: If he thinks good of me, he will have it. And if he thinks evil of me, he will have it.

Musnad Aḥmad 8833, Grade: Sahih

Our prayers need to be accompanied with certainty and conviction that our good expectations will be fulfilled. We have to constantly reaffirm and reinforce our prayers with the positive thoughts that Allah heard us and has already answered us in the best manner. Thinking well about Allah in this way is another step on the road to excellence in Islam.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ حُسْنَ الظَّنِّ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ حُسْنِ عِبَادَةِ اللَّهِ

Verily, thinking well about Allah is a part of excellent worship of Allah.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3970, Grade: Sahih

In sum, Islam teaches us to direct our thoughts towards what is good and to ignore bad thoughts. Like outward statements, thoughts we pursue are simply inward statements that should be good or at least neutral. If we entertain a bad thought, we should follow it with several positive inward statements to cancel its effect. Positive thinking should lead to an optimistic outlook and good expectations in Allah and his mercy. These good expectations are the inner secret that makes our prayers and worship most effective and fulfilling.

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

Learning About Islam – What is Bismillah

IN the name of God (Bismillah), the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy! Praise belongs to God, Lord of the Worlds, the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy, Master of the Day of Judgment.
It is You we worship, it is You we ask for help. Guide us to the straight path; the path of those You have blessed, those who incur no anger and who have not gone stray. (AL-Quran, chapter 1).

Seven Verses from the HOLY QURAN define the Islamic faith. Muslims memorize these seven verses (also called Ayats) in the original Arabic and recite it during prayers 5 times a day. For those of you who want to learn about Islam, and also for those Muslims who want to clarify thoughts on Islam, this is the starting place, the opening verses of the MAJESTIC AL QURAN AL KAREEM.

Lets get started. How do we know these Ayats were not made up by a man? What is the proof that the verses were “revealed” from the Heavens?
Belief can be of two types, either one believes its truly from the heavens or one believes it was written by a man or a team of men and women. Lets say we have the belief that it was written by humans. Fair enough, who were these men and women? Were they Arabs or non Arabs? Were they followers of One God or multiple gods? Did they have a portfolio of written or oral literature as was the custom in Arabia in the 6th century? It is very natural for humans to want to pen their names (real or fake) on their works, and even more so when they gather together to write the verses for a new religion. Who were these “humans” who acquired PhD level linguistic, historical, scientific, psychological and above all civilization knowledge. Surely they must have left behind track record of discussions and debates with their locals before embarking on such an advanced form of philosophical cum literary adventure that would go on to become a watershed in human history of civilization. I understand, for 1400 years not a single convincing idea could prove human intervention behind the formulation of the Ayats. So, lets leave it at that.

Wait a minute, what about the Prophet of Islam, the Holy Messenger Nabi Muhammad (sallillahu alihi wa alihi wa sallam, Peace be Upon Him, PBUH) wrote the verses. He (PBUH) recited the verses to his companions which makes the idea convincing that he must have drafted the verses himself. Lets look at that more closely. First of all, Prophet Muhammad (Sallillahu alihi wa alihi wa sallam) was known as the un-lettered prophet, that is at the start of his mission he had not acquired the skills for reading and writing. For 40 years he (PBUH) lived in Makkah with very high honor and prestige, he was called Sadeq and Amin (the truthful and the trustworthy) by the Makkans due to his honest personality without ever being credited for reciting any kind of poetry or prose, let alone writing Ayats of the highest classical (Fushat) Arabic language which would become the standard for Arabic grammar.

Would you believe it if I told you that the greatest work of English language was written by someone who was not only un-lettered but had never written or expressed English literary or grammatical skills ever in his life? Obviously not. You might call it an “obnoxious idea”. Lets be fair and apply the same thought for the author of the Verses above. It could not have been written by any man or woman, therefore the only author must be other than what we know or understand as humans. Lets stop here, and move on with the verses.

The opening verses have combined two important ideas of our age. Science and Philosophy. Science because we know from Quantum Physics about time, space and matter. The first cause behind these three has to be the will of God. It is only after the First Cause has been established that the process of matter and antimatter, evolution and the development of human civilization can be discovered scientifically. Let say then today is the very first day for the first cause, the starting point of Time itself, how would the beginning look like, what would it begin by, under whose authority would the beginning take place? These questions are generally asked for any major event. Its like a person while inaugurating a ceremony says “on the authority given to me by and so and so….”.

Should Time, space and matter (humans, the milky way, the solar system, the galaxies, the nebula etc) start its journey by the will of God, by the authority given to the properties of matter and atoms and by the Power of God, then it makes absolute sense that this journey should start by the name of God. That is “BISMILLAH”. the starting point of all that we know on Earth, in the Oceans and in Space.

Muslims will thus say BISMILLAH at the start of anything. At the time of waking up, before a meal, before starting a journey, before starting work, before getting into a transport, before take off, before reading and so on.

Thanks for reading. Take care…

OneGod OneWorld OneHumanity, Ash-Shura Verse 13

Few days ago I downloaded an android app I highly recommend to anyone who wishes to read the beautiful South African script followed by English TMQ (translated meaning of the Quran) by Mahmaduke Pickthall, you may download any other translator if you wish. This post today is not about the app though.

On my way to work as I was playing on the android set my eyes fell on surah Ash-Shura. I started to read it. By the time I reached verse 13 I knew I had landed on something higher than the moon. Nobody except for the One who created the entire universe and everything in it could have framed those lines in Ash-Shura verse 13.

This is the verse which if used in a religious sense will be the religion which unites all the religions. If the verse is used in social terms it is the verse which will eradicate racism, discrimination, elitism, inequity and caste system from every society. If the verse is used in the political sense it will usher global peace, security and prosperity.

The Owner of the universe created human beings in the same fashion, i.e. natural human anatomy, and gave them “free will” to choose between right and wrong. Apart from this ability to distinguish between right and wrong all human beings are in the same club of mankind. The criteria to be set for judging between good and evil is not up to the created beings (humans) but up to the Creator who is the only One who can define which is good and which is not and that’s because He is the One who created good and evil in the first place. Humans have the greatest gift of all, they can choose through their exercise of their God given “free will”.

The reason why we see huge differences in wealth, peace and security between different races of mankind is primarily due to their divisions and groupings and sub groupings. Europeans are grouped together for instance but they separate themselves as Germans, French, Italians and others. Within each country there are smaller units based on color, religion, language and ancestral roots. The Holy Book, the Quran, tells us all this is wrong! This is not the path that leads to goodness, and it is certainly not the path of prophets who showed the correct path for humanity.

God, it is He who sent Nuh (as), Ibrahim (as), Musa (as), Isa (as) and Muhammad sallillahu alaihi wa sallam, to “GUIDE” humanity. The guidance that leads to goodness is the religion of God and it has always been like that since the creation of the universe and the human race. All the prophets taught the same lesson for mankind to follow, to obey and to be loyal to the cause of goodness, faith, piety and righteousness. Now we come to the most important concept.

From Nuh (Noah) alaihi wa salam to the last Messenger Nabi Karim sallillahu alaihi wa alihi wa sallam all the prophets taught mankind about only One religion of the only One True God to be united as One human race. This is the religion of God given by God in all of God’s books through all of God’s prophets without any difference between them.

Al-Quran, the Word of God, Sura Ash-Shura ayah no 13:

He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus – to establish the religion and not be divided therein. Difficult for those who associate others with Allah is that to which you invite them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills and guides to Himself whoever turns back [to Him]. TMQ 42:13


Here is the tafsir of the ayah from Ibn Kathir for more reading:

شَرَعَ لَكُم مِّنَ الِدِينِ مَا وَصَّى بِهِ نُوحاً وَالَّذِى أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا وَصَّيْنَا بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى أَنْ أَقِيمُواْ الدِّينَ وَلاَ تَتَفَرَّقُواْ فِيهِ

42:13 He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion which He ordained for Nuh, and that which We have revealed to you, and that which We ordained for Ibrahim, Musa and `Isa saying you should establish religion and make no divisions in it.

كَبُرَ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ مَا تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَيْهِ

Intolerable for the idolators is that to which you call them.

اللَّهُ يَجْتَبِى إِلَيْهِ مَن يَشَآءُ وَيَهْدِى إِلَيْهِ مَن يُنِيبُ

Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance.

وَمَا تَفَرَّقُواْ إِلاَّ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْياً بَيْنَهُمْ

42: 14 And they divided not till after knowledge had come to them, through transgression between themselves.

وَلَوْلاَ كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى لَّقُضِىَ بِيْنَهُمْ

And had it not been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord for an appointed term, the matter would have been settled between them.

وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ أُورِثُواْ الْكِتَـبَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ لَفِى شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ مُرِيبٍ 

And verily, those who were made to inherit the Scripture after them, are in grave doubt concerning it.


Next 15   


 The Religion of the Messengers is One

Allah says to this Ummah:

شَرَعَ لَكُم مِّنَ الدِّينِ مَا وَصَّى بِهِ نُوحًا وَالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ …

He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion which He ordained for Nuh, and that which We have revealed to you,

Allah mentions the first Messenger who was sent after Adam, that is, Nuh, peace be upon them, and the last of them is Muhammad.

… وَمَا وَصَّيْنَا بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى …

and that which We ordained for Ibrahim, Musa and Isa,

Then He mentions those who came in between them who were the Messengers of strong will, namely Ibrahim, Musa and Isa bin Maryam. This Ayah mentions all five, just as they are also mentioned in the Ayah in Surah Al-Ahzab, where Allah says:

وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِنَ النَّبِيِّيْنَ مِيثَاقَهُمْ وَمِنْكَ وَمِن نُّوحٍ وَإِبْرَهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ

And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you, and from Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, and Isa son of Maryam. (33:7)

The Message which all the Messengers brought was to worship Allah Alone, with no partner or associate, as Allah says:

وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلاَّ نُوحِى إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ أَنَاْ فَاعْبُدُونِ

And We did not send any Messenger before you but We revealed to him (saying): None has the right to be worshipped but I, so worship Me. (21:25).

And according to a Hadith (the Prophet said):

نَحْنُ مَعْشَرَ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ أَوْلَادُ عَلَّاتٍ، دِينُنَا وَاحِد

We Prophets are brothers and our religion is one.

In other words, the common bond between them is that Allah Alone is to be worshipped, with no partner or associate, even though their laws and ways may differ, as Allah says.

لِكُلٍّ جَعَلْنَا مِنكُمْ شِرْعَةً وَمِنْهَـجاً

To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way. (5:48)

Allah says here:

… أَنْ أَقِيمُوا الدِّينَ وَلَا تَتَفَرَّقُوا فِيهِ …

saying you should establish religion and make no divisions in it.

meaning, Allah enjoined all the Prophets (peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all) to be as one and He forbade them to differ and be divided.

… كَبُرَ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ مَا تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَيْهِ …

Intolerable for the idolators is that to which you call them.

means, `it is too much for them to bear, and they hate that to which you call them, O Muhammad, i.e., Tawhid.’

… اللَّهُ يَجْتَبِي إِلَيْهِ مَن يَشَاء وَيَهْدِي إِلَيْهِ مَن يُنِيبُ ﴿١٣﴾

Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in repentance.

means, He is the One Who decrees guidance for those who deserve it, and decrees misguidance for those who prefer it to the right path.

Allah says here;

وَمَا تَفَرَّقُوا إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءهُمُ الْعِلْمُ …

And they divided not till after knowledge had come to them,

means, their opposition to the truth arose after it had come to them and proof had been established against them. Nothing made them resist in this manner except their transgression and stubbornness.

… بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ وَلَوْلَا كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى …

And had it not been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord for an appointed term,

means, were it not for the fact that Allah had already decreed that He would delay the reckoning of His servants until the Day of Resurrection, the punishment would have been hastened for them in this world.

… لَّقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ …

the matter would have been settled between them.

… وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ أُورِثُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ …

And verily, those who were made to inherit the Scripture after them,

means, the later generation which came after the earlier generation which had rejected the truth.

… لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ مُرِيبٍ ﴿١٤﴾

are in grave doubt concerning it.

means, they do not have any firm conviction in matters of religion; they merely imitate their forefathers, without any evidence or proof. So they are very confused and doubtful.



Previous 13-14

فَلِذَلِكَ فَادْعُ وَاسْتَقِمْ كَمَآ أُمِرْتَ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَآءَهُمْ وَقُلْ

42:15. So unto this then invite (people), and stand firm as you are commanded, and follow not their desires but say:

ءَامَنتُ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ مِن كِتَـبٍ وَأُمِرْتُ لاًّعْدِلَ بَيْنَكُمُ

“I believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book and I am commanded to do justice among you.

اللَّهُ رَبُّنَا وَرَبُّكُمْ

Allah is our Lord and your Lord.

لَنَآ أَعْمَـلُنَا وَلَكُمْ أَعْمَـلُكُمْ لاَ حُجَّةَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ

For us our deeds and for you your deeds. There is no dispute between us and you.

اللَّهُ يَجْمَعُ بَيْنَنَا وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ

Allah will assemble us (all), and to Him is the final return.”


Next 16-18   


 This Ayah includes ten separate and independent ideas, each of which is a ruling on its own.

They (the scholars) said that there is nothing else like it in the Qur’an, apart from Ayat Al-Kursi (2:255), which also includes ten ideas.

فَلِذَلِكَ فَادْعُ …

So unto this then invite (people),

means, `so call people to this which We have revealed to you and which We enjoined upon all the Prophets before you,’ the Prophets of major ways (of Shariah) that were followed, such as the Messengers of strong will, and others.

… وَاسْتَقِمْ كَمَا أُمِرْتَ …

and stand firm as you are commanded,

means, `adhere firmly, you and those who follow you, to the worship of Allah as He has commanded you.’

… وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءهُمْ …

and follow not their desires,

means, the desires of the idolators, in the falsehoods that they have invented and fabricated by worshipping idols.

… وَقُلْ آمَنتُ بِمَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ مِن كِتَابٍ …

but say: “I believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book…”

means, `I believe in all the Books that have been revealed from heaven to the Prophets; we do not differentiate between any of them.’

… وَأُمِرْتُ لِأَعْدِلَ بَيْنَكُمُ …

and I am commanded to do justice among you.

means, when judging according to the commands of Allah.

… اللَّهُ رَبُّنَا وَرَبُّكُمْ …

Allah is our Lord and your Lord.

means, `He is the One Who is to be worshipped, and there is no true God but He. We affirm this willingly, and even though you do not do so willingly, everyone in the universe prostrates to Him obediently and willingly.’

… لَنَا أَعْمَالُنَا وَلَكُمْ أَعْمَالُكُمْ …

For us our deeds and for you your deeds.

means, `we have nothing to do with you.’

This is like the Ayah:

وَإِن كَذَّبُوكَ فَقُل لِّى عَمَلِى وَلَكُمْ عَمَلُكُمْ أَنتُمْ بَرِيئُونَ مِمَّآ أَعْمَلُ وَأَنَاْ بَرِىءٌ مِّمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ

And if they demy you, say: “For me are my deeds and for you are your deeds! You are innocent of what I do, and I am innocent of what you do!” (10:41)

… لَا حُجَّةَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ …

There is no dispute between us and you.

Mujahid said, “This means, no argument.”

As-Suddi said,

“This was before Ayah of the sword was revealed.”

This fits the context, because this Ayah was revealed in Makkah, and Ayah of the sword (22:39-40) was revealed after the Hijrah.

… اللَّهُ يَجْمَعُ بَيْنَنَا …

Allah will assemble us (all), (means, on the Day of Resurrection).

This is like the Ayah:

قُلْ يَجْمَعُ بَيْنَنَا رَبُّنَا ثُمَّ يَفْتَحُ بَيْنَنَا بِالْحَقِّ وَهُوَ الْفَتَّاحُ الْعَلِيمُ 

Say: “Our Lord will assemble us all together, then He will judge between us with truth. And He is the Just Judge, the All-Knower of the true state of affairs.” (34:26).

… وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ ﴿١٥﴾

and to Him is the final return.

means, the final return on the Day of Reckoning.


Magnificent scientific signs in the story of prophet “Nûh”


For many years , human are trying to discover rains mechanism till recent days after the discovery of secret of rains as it starts by evaporation of water …

For many years , human are trying to discover rains mechanism till recent days after the discovery of secret of rains as it starts by evaporation of water vapor atoms from seas and oceans which goes up to high altitudes where the temperature is around zero so it condenses to form clouds and then rains.

At the time of descending of the Qur’an no one knew this reality, but in the story of prophet “Nûh” there are many signs as Nûh waited 950 years to make his people to believe in Allah the only God and only creator but they didn’t believe and then Allah ordered him to made a ship which will hold only believers, some animals, birds and plants.

Rains are from earth

After the heavy rains and after the emergence of springs , the flood came and drowned disbelievers and atheists but Allah Almighty rescued prophet “Nûh” and the believers with him, Allah says: (And it was said: “O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).” And the water was made to subside and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nûh (Noah). And it (the ship) rested on (Mount) Jûdî, and it was said: “Away with the people who are Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers)!”)(Sûrat Hûd- verse 44).

In this verse a nice sign for a scientific reality when Allah ordered the earth to swallow water. It means that the water goes up toward the sky to form rains and it returns back inside the earth.

Explosion of springs

In hydrology there is a scientific fact that water underground is under pressure but rocks surround it, if the pressure increases water flow suddenly from earth as an explosion.

We have to mention that scientists use the word explosion when they talk about emergence of springs from the ground, Allah says: (The people of Nûh (Noah) denied (their Messenger) before them. They rejected our slave, and said: “A madman!” and he were insolently rebuked and threatened.*then he invoked his Lord (saying): “I have been overcome, so help (me)!”* So we opened the gates of the heaven with water pouring forth.* and we caused springs to gush forth from the earth. So the waters (of the heaven and the earth) met for a matter predestined.*and we carried him on a (ship) made of planks and nails* floating under Our Eyes: a reward for him who had been rejected!)(Sûrat Al-Qamar- verse 9-14).


Water gushes forth from earth as springs explode to form lakes, height of water may reach one hundred meter

Oven gushed forth

When we see boiling water out of a spring, it means that the spring is going to explode .Allah says in the story of prophet “Nûh”((So it was) till when Our Command came and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family – except him against whom the Word has already gone forth – and those who believe. And none believed with him, except a few.”) (Sûrat Hûd- verse 40).

Waves like mountains

Allah says: (So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst waves like mountains, and Nûh (Noah) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart): “O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers.”) (Sûrat Hûd- verse 42).

In the phrase “waves like mountains” a sign that waves were so high, it means that there was hurricane and strong winds. The koranic likening refers to the height of the waves which could be hundreds of meters which is an indication that what happened in that story was extraordinary.


Height of waves in seas and oceans could reach tens of meters but the height was about hundreds of meters in the story of prophet “Nûh” which means that it was extraordinary event

Sermons from the story of prophet “Nûh”

We can extract many sermons from that story as the flowing:

  1. The Qur’an is a book which is not like any other book as it contains many sermons that people must benefit from it, one of these benefits is that as Allah Almighty saved “Nûh” and the believers of his people , He Almighty will save all believers without exceptions. Allah says: (Then (in the end) we save Our Messengers and those who believe! Thus it is incumbent upon us to save the believers) (Sûrat Yûnus-verse103).
  2. Prophet “Nûh” was patient with his people as he used to call them to Allah the only creator for 950 years. Allah says: (He said: “O my Lord! Verily, I have called to my people night and day (i.e. secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islamic Monotheism),* “But all my calling added nothing but to (their) flight (from the truth).*And verily, every time I called unto them that You might forgive them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves in pride.)(Sûrat Nûh-verse 5-7) .Also we have to be patient with others while inviting them to Islam.
  3. Prophet “Nûh” used to warn his people from the hereafter and from the big torment of Allah at day of resurrection, Allah says: (Indeed, We sent Nûh (Noah) to his people and he said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. (Lâ ilâha illallâh: none has the right to be worshipped but Allah). Certainly, I fear for you the torment of a Great Day!”)(Sûrat Al-A‘râf -verse 59).

Benefits of asking for forgiveness

Prophet “Nûh” advised his people many times to ask Allah for forgiveness, He Almighty says: (“I said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord, verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;* He will send rain to you in abundance*and give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.)(Sûrat Nûh-verse 10-12).

This is evidence that who asks forgiveness from Allah, He Almighty will give him or her many things such as:

  1. He will forgive for anyone asks for forgiveness.   
  2. He will send the rain to people in abundance. 
  3. He will increase in wealth of people who ask for forgiveness.
  4. He will increase in children of people who ask for forgiveness.
  5. He will bestow gardens and rivers of those who ask for forgiveness.  

  Heaven is an evidence for the ultimate power of Allah

Prophet “Nûh” used a scientific technique to call his people to Allah as he ordered them to look at the heavens above, the moon as a light and the sun as a lamp. Allah says: (See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another? *and has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?)(Sûrat Nûh-verse 15-16).

The modern science had proved that the moon reflects light of sun as it has no ability for lighting  like sun which posses the ability to light because its tremendous heat and the internal nuclear explosion.  


Prophet “Nûh” used the scientific miracles in his calling to Allah. Don’t we use the same technique while inviting people to Islam?

“Nûh” made the ship

Prophet “Nûh” asked Allah to give him a victory on disbelievers , then Allah had ordered him to build a ship because He Almighty wanted to sank disbelievers as a punishment for atheism and disbelieving , Allah says: (And it was revealed to Nûh (Noah): “None of your people will believe except those who have believed already. So be not sad because of what they used to do.* “And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Revelation, and call not upon me on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.”)(Sûrat Hûd -verse 36-37).

People of Nûh used to mock at him

Prophet “Nûh” started to build the ship in the village where there is no sea, so that the people started to mock at him and laugh, Allah says: ( And as he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they mocked at him. He said: “If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking.* “And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment.”) (Sûrat Hûd -verse 38-39).

Allah’s order had arrived

Allah Almighty gave Prophet “Nûh” a sign to be ready for departure, the sign was that water like fountains started to gush forth from the earth, Allah says:   ((So it was) till when Our Command came and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family – except him against whom the Word has already gone forth – and those who believe. And none believed with him, except a few.”) (Sûrat Hûd -verse 40).

And Nûh said: Embark therein

After the water (water like fountains) had started to gush forth from the earth, prophet Nûh knew that the order was descended to move so he ordered his people to embark in the ship also the animals and plants , when he was on board he said as Allah Almighty tells us:( And he [Nûh said]: “Embark therein: in the Name of Allah will be its (moving) course and its (resting) anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”) (Sûrat Hûd -verse 41).Hence we Muslims have to start any practice by saying” in the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.”

The flood came

Allah Almighty ordered rains to descend and springs to explode so that the flood started; Allah Almighty describes that scene by saying: (So we opened the gates of the heaven with water pouring forth.* and we caused springs to gush forth from the earth. So the waters (of the heaven and the earth) met for a matter predestined.)(Sûrat Al-Qamar-verse 11-12).

Son of Nûh is disbeliever

Nûh is the prophet of Allah but his son was disbeliever, the son was refusing to obey his father and he insisted to obey atheists and disbelievers, despite that his father asked him to go with him on board of the ship but the son refused and went with his companions, Allah says about that scene 😦 So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst waves like mountains, and Nûh (Noah) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart): “O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers.”* (The son) replied: “I will betake myself to some mountain; it will save me from the water.” Nûh (Noah) said: “This day there is no survivor from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy.” And waves came in between them, so he (the son) was among the drowned.)(Sûrat Hûd-verse42-43).

Flood was finished

Rains stopped, also explosions of springs and earth started to swallow water. After that the ship anchored on a mountain called “mountain Jûdî” Allah say:  (And it was said: “O earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withhold (your rain).” And the water was made to subside and the Decree (of Allah) was fulfilled (i.e. the destruction of the people of Nûh (Noah). And it (the ship) rested on (Mount) Jûdî, and it was said: “Away with the people who are Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers)!”)(Sûrat Hûd-verse44), this is the end of polytheists and wrong-doers.

Nûh calls Allah

After the flood finished, prophet Nûh remembers his son who drowned with others and he calls Allah. Allah says: (And Nûh (Noah) called upon his Lord and said, “O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true, and you are the Most Just of the judges.”) (Sûrat Hûd-verse45). But Allah warns Nûh and told him that his son is disbeliever, He almighty says: (He said: “O Nûh (Noah)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you lest you should be one of the ignorant.) (Sûrat Hûd -verse46)Here, prophet Nûh felt that he requested a wrong request; he repented and asked God for forgiveness. Allah says: (Nûh (Noah) said: “O my Lord! I seek refuge with you from asking you that of which I have no knowledge. And unless you forgive me and have Mercy on me, I will indeed be one of the losers.”)(Sûrat Hûd-verse47).

Supplication of Nûh  

At the end Nûh supplicated Allah by a great supplication, Allah told us about this wonderful supplication, Allah says: (“My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. And to the Zâlimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers, and disbelievers) grant you no increase but destruction!”)(Sûrat Nûh-verse 28).also prophet Mohamed (peace be upon him) used to say: “My Lord! Forgive me, and my parents, and bless them as they care about me when I was a child”. Shouldn’t we follow those great prophets? Allah says: (Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of (Allah’s existing Books) which were before it [i.e. the Taurât (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allâh] and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe.)(Sûrat Yûsuf-verse111).


By: Abduldaem Al-Kaheel



  1. National geographic.
  2. British encyclopedia.